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Disproportionate dwarfism has little effect on intellectual development unless a child has other uncommon illnesses, such as hydrocephalus, or extra fluid surrounding the brain. Proportionate dwarfism is a medical condition that affects growth and development and can be present at birth or emerge later in life. A common cause is low amounts of growth hormone produced by your pituitary gland. In proportional dwarfism, the head, arms, and legs are all smaller. They are, however, all proportionate to one another. Organ systems could potentially be reduced in size. Dwarfism comes about 400 different varieties. Proportional dwarfism is caused by metabolic and hormonal issues, such as growth hormone deficiency. The most common type of dwarfism is genetic dwarfism, also known as skeletal dysplasias. The most common kind of dwarfism is achondroplasia, which accounts for 70% of all instances. It affects one out of every 26,000 to 40,000 children and is noticeable from the moment they are born. Achondroplasia is defined by a long trunk and short upper arms and legs. SED is a rare kind of dwarfism that affects roughly one out of every 95,000 babies. Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia is a group of abnormalities characterized by a shortened trunk that may not be visible until a child reaches the age of five to ten.

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