Since last November 2020, the breaking point issue has gotten a huge subject in embellishment the two-sided relations among Ethiopia and Sudan. As definitively asserted by Sudanese trained professionals, this was actuated after the military attack of the Sudanese Army into the Ethiopian space. In such a way, the Sudanese experts avowed that ‘Sudan has recovered its space which has been included by Ethiopia for the last 25 years. To avoid any confusion in regards to the matter, it is imperative to address the record and give precise information concerning the cutoff between the two countries.
Sudan assaulted land that is fundamental for Ethiopia’s locale. In its defective lead, the Sudanese Army wrecked Ethiopian definitive establishments, overpowered military camps, killed and removed inhabitants, and demolished their harvests and property. Sudan acted in glaring encroachment of overall law against the use of force and the restriction of re-limit settlements.
The breaking point among Ethiopia and Sudan was delimited by the 1902 Treaty supported between Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia and Great Britain, the then Colonial power of Sudan. The validation by some Sudanese specialists that Ethiopia isn’t enduring the limit division under the 1902 course of action is unwarranted.
While the Joint Commission involving Ethiopian and British specialists expected to separate the breaking point line as considered under the 1902 Treaty, in 1903 a British assessor, Major Wynn, independently illustrated the cutoff. The Surveyor acted without Ethiopia’s agents and without the endorsement of the Ethiopian Government. Likewise, Major Wynn excused the 1902 Treaty and rolled out discretionary improvements as per the settlement line. Subsequently, the Ethiopian Government excused Major Gwyn’s blueprint.
After Sudan procured its opportunity in 1956, Ethiopia and Sudan drove game plans of gatherings on the matter and got the 1972 Exchange of Notes. On this Exchange of Notes, Ethiopia and Sudan agreed to re-separate the breaking point. They similarly agreed to use Major Wynn’s limit as a justification the joint work of re-layout. Unmistakably, Major Wynn himself anticipated that his work of boundary should be a justification future dealings between the two Governments.