Dwarfism is a type of small stature caused by a genetic or medical disease. Dwarfism is described as a height of 4 feet 10 inches (147 cm) or less as an adult. People with dwarfism have an average adult height of 4 feet (122 cm). Dwarfism is caused by a variety of medical disorders. The disorders are grouped into two types in general: Dwarfism that is out of proportion. Some portions of the body are small, while others are ordinary or above-average size if body size is disproportionate. Disproportionate dwarfism is caused by disorders that prevent bone development. Dwarfism that is proportionate. If all parts of the body are proportionately small and appear to be proportioned like a body of normal stature, the body is proportionately small.
Medical disorders that start at birth or appear in early childhood stifle general development and growth.
Rather of “dwarf” or “dwarfism,” some people prefer the terms “low stature” or “small people.” As a result, it’s critical to be sympathetic to someone with this disorder’s preferences. Familial short stature, which is regarded a typical variation with normal bone development, is not included in short stature disorders.