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friendship between human beings and animals

Animals have always piqued the interest of humans. Animals have played a crucial role in human civilisation for thousands of years, as evidenced by ancient cave paintings in Borneo portraying bovine-like creatures and animal domestication. 1 While human-animal connections continue to evolve, the historical and scientific components of the human-animal bond have yielded a lot of information. Recognizing these factors strengthens the human-animal link and improves the veterinary team’s capacity to give the best possible patient care. The human-animal bond is defined as “a mutually beneficial and dynamic interaction between people and animals that is influenced by actions that are vital to both their health and well-being,” according to the Human Animal Bond Research Institute (HABRI). The emotional, psychological, and physical bonds that people have with animals and the environment are all part of the human-animal bond definition. Human-animal relationships range from non-pet animals employed in production and service to the most adored family pets, with the bulk of pet owners falling somewhere in the between. As a result, people’s interactions and attachment to the animals in their lives can differ. Depending on how humans see the animal, these interactions are also situational and conditional. A dog lover, for example, would like a medium-rare steak but shudder at the prospect of eating horse meat. The historical and scientific context of the human-animal link allows veterinarians to gain a better knowledge of human-animal relationships, as well as insight into how gratifying this bond may be. It also aids the veterinary team in better integrating the bond into clinical culture. Humans want affiliation from inanimate items and/or living organisms in order to feel secure. 4 Despite the fact that human attraction to living things varies, individuals are nevertheless curious by animals. The biophilia hypothesis, proposed by American biologist E.O. Wilson in 1984, is one explanation for this fascination and attraction. The human predisposition to focus on diverse parts of natural life, integrating emotional preferences for living creatures and nature, is known as biophilia. Biophilia is a complicated concept impacted by culture and the environment. Based on ecology and co-evolution with flora and fauna, humans learn to value particular features of nature. Animals provide a direct contact to nature, attracting and piqueing human curiosity. Positive feelings such as delight, negative (or undesired) emotions such as apprehension, and neutral emotions such as indifference can all be expressed toward animals by humans. Regardless of the range of emotions experienced, the attractiveness of getting more connected to nature through animal interactions drove early humans to form a variety of connections with the species in their surroundings.

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