How to treat dandruff and its difference from other scalp problems

Dandruff can result from a dry scalp, but the two conditions are different. Dandruff can cause visible flakes on clothing or in the hair, as well as flaking of the scalp. It can occasionally be brought on by a fungal or other scalp infection. In contrast, dry scalp happens when the scalp cannot produce or retain enough moisture.
Selecting the appropriate treatment may be aided by being aware of the differences between dandruff and a dry scalp. When the scalp lacks sufficient oil to make the skin feel lubricated, it develops a dry scalp. This can result in irritation, flaking, and itching, just like other types of dry skin. Due to the fact that the oil from the scalp conditions the hair, it can also make the hair appear dry. Dry scalps are more common in people with dry skin. These three elements might combine to exacerbate some cases of dandruff. For instance, if a person has sensitive skin or a scalp that is excessively oily, they may experience worse dandruff from fungal scalp infections. However, this fungus causes flakes and irritation in people with dandruff. The way the fungus interacts with other factors may be the cause of this irritation. A 2016 study discovered a strong link between dandruff and the presence of specific scalp bacteria. Flakes may shed from the scalp of people who have a dry scalp. However, the flakes connected with dry scalp typically tend to be smaller and whiter than actual dandruff flakes. Dandruff flakes can be bigger, yellow-tinged, or oily looking. While dandruff and dry scalp are cyclical conditions, dandruff brought on by a fungal infection is unlikely to improve on its own. Less frequent shampooing, however, may help with dry scalp.

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