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However, the term Ethiopian music can be applied to any Ethiopian music, although it is more usually used to describe a specific genre, a pentatonic system with long intervals between some notes, and a particular type of Ethiopian music.
Music from the Ethiopian Highlands employs the qenet modal system, which comprises four primary modes: tezeta, bati ambassel and anchihoy. Bati major, bati minor, and tezeta minor are all variations of the preceding modes. There are other songs that have been given their own names, such as the remembrance song called tizita. Western-tuned instruments, such as pianos and guitars, are capable of playing these modes in tempered tunings, although traditional instruments such as the oboe and harp don’t. Monophonic or heterophonic music dominates the Ethiopian highlands. It is possible to find polyphonic music in some southern regions. Unlike Dorze polyphonic singing (edho), Majangir only has four parts. There are three traditional string instruments in the Highlands: the begena, which has 10 strings, the masenqo, which has one string bowed, and krar, which has six strings. The dita (a five-string lyre) and musical bows (including a rare three-string variation) are two of the more unusual chordophones found in the South.
In the mountains, the washint is a bamboo flute that is very popular. Instruments like the ceremonial malakat and the holdudwa, which are both trumpet-like instruments, can be found in select places. Embilta flutes don’t have finger holes and can only produce two tones: the fundamental and a fourth or fifth harmonic. The most popular types are made of metal in the north, whereas the most prevalent in the south are bamboo (in the south). The Konso and other peoples in the south play fanta, or pan flutes. It’s got six holes.

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