Health

Main causes and treatment for irregular periods

Periods often last between four and seven days. Menstrual difficulties include periods occurring less frequently than 21 days or more frequently than 35 days, skipping three or more periods in a row, and menstrual flow that is significantly heavier or lighter than usual. The menstrual cycle of most women lasts between four and seven days. The average duration of a woman’s period is 28 days, however regular menstrual cycles can range from 21 to 35 days. Lifestyle and stress factors Significant weight gain or loss, dieting, changes in exercise habits, travel, illness, and other alterations to a woman’s daily routine can affect her menstrual cycle. Contraceptive tablets. The majority of birth control tablets contain a combination of estrogen and progestin (some contain progestin alone). The tablets prevent pregnancy by preventing egg release from the ovaries. The use or discontinuation of birth control tablets can impact menstruation. Some women experience irregular or absent periods for up to six months following the cessation of birth control tablets. This is a crucial factor to consider while planning to conceive and become pregnant. Women taking birth control pills containing solely progestin may experience bleeding between cycles. Uterine fibroids or polyps. Uterine polyps are benign (noncancerous) growths of the uterine lining. Fibroids of the uterus are tumors that attach to the uterine wall. There may be one or many fibroids ranging in size from that of an apple seed to that of a grapefruit. These tumors are often benign, however they can cause heavy menstrual bleeding and pain. If the fibroids are big, they may exert discomforting pressure on the bladder or rectum.

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