You’re helping to prevent heart disease and stroke by donating to the American Heart Association. Your contribution will help to fund life-saving research, advocate for better health, improve patient care, and reach out to at-risk groups. Atherosclerosis, or the accumulation of fatty plaques in your arteries, can harm your blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup causes blood arteries to narrow or obstruct, which can result in a heart attack, chest pain (angina), or stroke. Men and women may experience different symptoms of coronary artery disease. Men, for example, are more likely to experience chest pain. Along with chest tightness, women are more prone to experience additional signs and symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea, and excessive exhaustion. Coronary artery disease may not be discovered until after a heart attack, angina, stroke, or heart failure. It’s critical to keep an eye out for cardiovascular symptoms and speak with your doctor if you have any concerns. Regular assessments can possibly detect cardiovascular problems early. Congenital heart defects are serious cardiac problems that are present at birth and are usually noticed soon after birth. Congenital cardiac abnormalities that are less significant are frequently not discovered until later in childhood or adulthood. The aortic, mitral, pulmonary, and tricuspid valves are four valves that open and close to direct blood flow through the heart. Many factors can cause your heart valves to become narrowed (stenosis), leak (regurgitation or insufficiency), or close improperly.