Selamawit Yohannes before and after

With the establishment of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in the fourth century AD, Ethiopian music first emerged as a means of expression for religion. Yared, the father of Ethiopian church music, created the church’s own distinctive musical style, and his vibrant three-mode sounds are being used today. The city of Wollo, in northern Ethiopia, is the birthplace of the Muslim musical genre known as Manzuma, which later expanded throughout the nation. The principal musicians in the Ethiopian Highlands are known as “azmaris,” or minstrels, who are respected. Additionally, the “qenet” modal system, which is pentatonic with lengthy intervals between most notes, is used in Ethiopian music. There are three additional modes that are variants of the primary four modes: “tezeta minor,” “bati major,” and “bati minor,” in addition to the four main modes of “qenet”: “tezeta,” “bati,” “ambassel,” and “anchihoy.”
While some southern regions of Ethiopia use a polyphonic style, Ethiopian music is typically heterophonic or monophonic (Dorze polyphonic). Ethiopian music has evolved significantly since its early traditions, when religion was prominently associated with it. During the reign of Emperor Haile Selassie, 40 Armenian orphans (Arba Lijoch) came to Ethiopia from Jerusalem and started a musical tradition known as brass bands.

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