Ernesto “Che” Guevara was a revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, and military thinker from Argentina. His stylized visage has become a ubiquitous countercultural emblem of revolt and global insignia in popular culture. He was a key role in the Cuban Revolution. Guevara traveled throughout South America as a young medical student and was politicized by the poverty, starvation, and disease he witnessed. Guevara’s growing desire to help end what he saw as the United States’ capitalist exploitation of Latin America led him to participate in Guatemala’s social reforms under President Jacobo rbenz, whose eventual CIA-assisted overthrow at the behest of the United Fruit Company solidified his political ideology. Guevara later met Raul and Fidel Castro in Mexico City, joined their 26th of July Movement, and went to Cuba on the yacht Granma with the goal of deposing Cuban tyrant Fulgencio Batista, who was backed by the United States. Guevara quickly advanced in the ranks of the insurgents, was elevated to second-in-command, and was a key figure in the two-year guerrilla battle that toppled Batista’s rule. Guevara played a variety of important roles in the new Cuban government after the revolution. Reviewing appeals and firing squads for those convicted as war criminals during the revolutionary tribunals, instituting agrarian land reform as minister of industries, assisting in the spearheading of a successful nationwide literacy campaign, and serving as both national bank president and instructional director for Cuba’s armed forces were among his many accomplishments.