Hyperpigmentation, a common skin disorder that happens when the skin generates too much melanin, can cause dark spots on the face. Sun exposure, scars, and aging can all cause hyperpigmentation. Many gloomy locations are completely safe. However, if a person wishes to improve their appearance, topical treatments are usually the best option. If the skin overproduces melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color, dark spots on the face might develop. Hyperpigmentation is the term for this condition. Dark patches on the face are caused by a variety of factors, including hyperpigmentation. As a result, if a person notices any changes to existing moles or dark spots, particularly changes in texture, color, or size, they should consult a doctor.
Hydroquinone is a common component in hyperpigmentation products. It acts by lowering melanin production. The level of hydroquinone in over-the-counter products is around half that of prescription-only products. Hydroquinone has been banned in some countries due to safety concerns. However, scientists have yet to establish whether or whether this occurs in humans.
Hydroquinone can irritate the skin, especially when used at higher quantities. If a person does not apply it correctly, it may lighten the skin around the black areas.