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The Tewahedo Church of Ethiopia is the world’s largest Oriental Orthodox church. – according to Wikipedia The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, one of the few Christian denominations in Sub-Saharan Africa that predates European colonization, has a membership of more than 36 million people, the majority of whom live in Ethiopia. Since its inception, it has been a member of the World Council of Churches. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church is affiliated with other Oriental Orthodox churches (the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, the Armenian Apostolic Church and the Syriac Orthodox Church). It wasn’t until 1959, when Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria of Alexandria gave the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church its own patriarch, that the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church was officially recognized as a separate entity from the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. Tewahedo is a Japanese word that means “oneness.” This term refers to the Oriental Orthodox belief in Christ’s one perfect unity, i.e. that the complete union of the divine and human natures into one nature is self-evident for mankind’s divine salvation, as opposed to the “two natures of Christ” belief held by the Latin and Eastern Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, as well as the Anglican, Lutheran, and most other Protestant denominations. Cyril of Alexandria, a key figure in the 4th and 5th centuries Christological debates, advocated for the Oriental Orthodox Churches to unite under “one (mia) nature of God incarnate” and a hypostatic union. The incarnate Christ has only one nature, but it is made up of both divine and human natures, and it retains all of its characteristics after the union, in contrast to the other viewpoints discussed earlier in this article. As a Miaphysitist, I believe that Jesus Christ possesses both divine and human natures entwined in a single nature, with no separation, change, or mixing. Around 500 patriarchates of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem rejected Chalcedonian dyophysitism (two natures) theology, causing the Roman Empire’s state church to split for the second time.

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