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The Ethiopian woman who hasn’t eaten for years

The amount of time that the body can go without food varies from person to person because so many different factors play a role in this ability. Traditional experiments have not been used by scientists to study human starvation because of ethical considerations. The majority of the information on hunger strikes and famines comes from observational studies. Technically, a typical, well-fed male weighing 70 kilograms (154 pounds) has enough calories stored to last for one to three months. However, individuals who voluntarily stopped eating to take part in hunger strikes have passed away after 45–61 days, indicating that it is unlikely that anyone would survive for three months. To survive, the body requires the nutrients found in food. It regenerates cells and powers essential bodily functions using protein, carbohydrates, and fats as well as vitamins and minerals. Without food, the body begins to burn its own tissue for energy, but this can only be done for a short period of time.
The precise amount of time the average person can go without food is unknown to scientists. Traditional experiments have not been used to study starvation because it would be unethical to ask someone to go without food for a long time in order to study the results. Researchers’ best guess as to how long someone can live comes from those who have participated in a hunger strike. How long someone can go without food depends on a variety of factors. Age, sex, body type, level of activity, fitness, general health, and fitness all have an impact. The quantity of liquid that the individual consumes will also be important. According to experts, drinking water throughout the starvation period may increase survival.

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