According to many myths, Christianity was first introduced to the area right after Pentecost. According to John Chrysostom, Peter’s sermon in Acts 2:38 was understandable to the “Ethiopians present in Jerusalem.” As far back as the fourth century, there have been rumors of possible missions by some of the Apostles in the regions that are now known as Ethiopia. Ethiopia is listed by Socrates of Constantinople as one of the places where Matthew the Apostle preached, and the phrase “Ethiopia south of the Caspian Sea” is specifically mentioned in some traditions, including the Roman Catholic Church, among others. According to Ethiopian Church tradition, Bartholomew traveled with Matthew on a mission that lasted at least three months. These missions are portrayed in paintings that can be found in the Church of St. A royal official who was baptized by Philip the Evangelist, one of the seven deacons, is the first instance of an Ethiopian being converted to Christianity in the New Testament books. Philip the Evangelist is distinct from Philip the Apostle. Then the Lord’s angel commanded Philip to set out and head toward the road leading south from Jerusalem to Gaza. He left, and as he was traveling, he spotted an Ethiopian. The Ethiopian asked Philip to baptize him after Philip explained that the passage was a prophecy referring to Jesus Christ. Whereas the possibility of gospel missions by the Ethiopian eunuch cannot be directly inferred from the Books of the New Testament, Irenaeus of Lyons writes that “Simon Backos” preached the good news in his native country and describes the theme of his preaching as being the coming in the flesh of God that “was preached to you all before.” This is around 180 AD. Eusebius of Caesarea and Origen of Alexandria, writers from the third and fourth centuries, both cite the same type of witness.
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