Dwarfism is a term used to describe a range of conditions characterized by skeletal growth that is slower than normal. This shortness can be felt in the arms and legs, as well as the trunk. There are about 100 diseases that induce dwarfism and aberrant skeletal growth. Achondroplasia is the most prevalent form of short-limb dwarfism, affecting one out of every 25,000 children and affecting both sexes equally. Skeletal dysplasia (abnormal skeletal growth) is most commonly diagnosed at birth. This page focuses on achondroplasia, however it may also be applicable to other disorders.
The majority of children with achondroplasia have parents who are of ordinary height and weight. Achondroplasia patients may face delays in acquiring motor abilities, such as managing head movements, although their intellectual development is unaffected.
Achondroplasia patients’ average end height is 130 cm for men and 125 cm for women. People with short stature live regular, happy lives. The ability to achieve greater levels of education, as well as career and personal goals, is not restricted by one’s stature.