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Unheard secret of Ertale in Afar

Enormous amounts of molten lava, often basaltic, are held in lava lakes, which are typically found in craters, vents, or large depressions. One of the famous lava lakes is Erta Ale in Ethiopia. The most active volcano in Ethiopia, Erta Ale is a constantly active basaltic shield volcano located in the Afar region of northeastern Ethiopia. The volcano itself is totally surrounded by a region below sea level, making it a relatively low-elevation volcano. It is located in the Afar Depression, a badlands desert area crossing the border with Eritrea. Erta Ale is a volcano that rises to a height of 613 meters (2,011 feet), and it has one or occasionally two active lava lakes at its peak that occasionally overflow onto the volcano’s south flank. It stands out because it is the longest-lasting lava lake, having existed since the turn of the 20th century (1906). There are just five lava lakes on volcanoes in the entire world, making them extremely unusual. In the native Afar language, Erta Ale means “Smoking Mountain,” and its southernmost pit is referred to as “the entryway to hell” by locals. In the native Afar language, Erta Ale means “burning mountain,” and its southernmost pit is referred to as “the entryway to Hell” by locals. A crew from the BBC mapped it in 2009 using three-dimensional laser methods so that they could keep their distance and stay away from the burning heat of the lakes. The East African Rift system, a triple junction setting whose movements are causing a pull-apart basin or rift to form, is where Erta Ale is located. The majority of the material in the volcano is mafic, which has been transported to the surface as a result of the mantle’s unroofing as a result of the rift creation.

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