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Dwarfism comprises a variety of symptoms in addition to small stature, which vary depending on the type. Unless a kid has other unusual disorders, such as hydrocephalus, or extra fluid surrounding the brain, disproportionate dwarfism normally has little effect on intellectual development. Proportionate dwarfism is caused by a medical disease that affects growth and development and is present at birth or develops during infancy. Low levels of growth hormone produced by your pituitary gland are a prevalent cause. The head, arms, and legs are all smaller in proportional dwarfism. But they’re all in proportion to one another. Organ systems could also be smaller. There are about 400 different forms of dwarfism. Metabolic and hormonal problems, such as growth hormone insufficiency, are among the causes of proportional dwarfism. Genetic dwarfism, also known as skeletal dysplasias, is the most frequent type of dwarfism. Skeletal dysplasias are diseases that induce disproportionate dwarfism due to improper bone development. Achondroplasia is the most prevalent form of dwarfism, accounting for 70% of cases. It affects one out of every 26,000 to 40,000 kids and is visible at birth. Achondroplasia is characterized by a moderately lengthy trunk and shortened upper arms and legs.

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